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Mini-Trucks, USVs, and UTVs are not motor vehicles by Ohio law.
Utility vehicle (UTV) – Utility vehicle is defined by R.C. 4501.01(VV) as a self-propelled vehicle designed with a bed, principally for the purpose of transporting material or cargo in connection with construction, agricultural, forestry, grounds maintenance, lawn and garden, materials handling, or similar activities.
Under-speed vehicle (USV) – Under-speed vehicle is defined by R.C. 4501.01(XX) as a three- or four-wheeled vehicle, including a vehicle commonly known as a golf cart, with an attainable speed on a paved level surface of not more than 20 miles per hour and with a gross vehicle weight rating less than 3,000 pounds.
Mini-truck (MT) – Mini-truck is defined by R.C. 4501.01(BBB) and 4519.01(L) as a vehicle that has four wheels, is propelled by an electric motor with a rated power of 7,500 watts or less or an internal combustion engine with a piston displacement capacity of 660 cubic centimeters or less, has a total dry weight of 900 to 2,200 pounds, contains an enclosed cabin and a seat for the vehicle operator, resembles a pickup truck or van with a cargo area or bed located at the rear of the vehicle, and was not originally manufactured to meet Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards.
Utility vehicles, under speed vehicles, and mini-trucks are titled for ownership purposes upon the owner's request. However, a certificate of title is not required when only being used on private property.
The authorization to operate these vehicles on public roads is at the discretion of the local authority of each jurisdiction where the vehicle will be operated (see Ohio Revised Code 4511.215). Please contact the local law enforcement in the city, township, village, or applicable jurisdiction for the ordinances and/or laws.
The Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) does not supersede the authorization of the local authority of a jurisdiction. Each vehicle MUST successfully pass the required vehicle inspection (DPS 1373) performed by EACH local law enforcement prior to obtaining registration for limited on-road use. Click HERE for more information on the equipment requirements for road use.
The following evidence is required at the time of titling and is subject to the discretion of the issuing county Clerk of Courts title office:
Payment for title fees, including a lienholder notation (if applicable), and sales tax on the purchase price (sales tax rates by county are available HERE) or proof of tax paid to a retail business are required at the time of titling.
For registration requirements, click HERE.
Ohio Administrative Code: 4501-30
Please contact us at (614) 752-7671 or email Ask Titles
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