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    First-Time Issuance

    If a vehicle will be driven prior to a title being issued, then a temporary tag can be purchased from any local deputy registrar license agency or online at OPLATES.com.

    All registrants must visit a local deputy registrar license agency and sign a proof of Financial Responsibility Statement. See our Mandatory Insurance page to learn more about Ohio’s financial responsibility requirements.

    All registrants must provide the following (if applicable):
    • If leased, a lease agreement and power of attorney documents
    • If vehicle is in an E-Check county, E-Check will be required

    And the following documents based upon the vehicle type:

    • Ohio Certificate of Title or Memorandum of Title
    • Ohio driver license, state ID or proof of Social Security number
    • Tax ID number if titled in a business name
    • Maximum weight is less than 10,000 lbs.
    • Title is not issued on trailers that weigh less than 4,000 lbs.
    • Ohio driver license or state ID
    • Proof of weight: Official Weight Slip (form BMV 5721), or Manufacturer’s Certificate of Origin (MCO) / Statement of Origin (MSO), or if using previous owner’s Ohio registration, complete a notarized Affidavit of Original Weight (form BMV 5728) available at any local deputy registrar license agency
    • If 4,001 lbs. or more, Ohio Certificate of Title or Memorandum of Title
    • Owner’s tax ID or proof of Social Security number
    • If 4,000 lbs. or less, MSO, bill of sale, or notarized Proof of Purchase Affidavit (form BMV 5752) available at any local deputy registrar license agency
    • Verbal declaration of weight
    • Ohio Certificate of Title or Memorandum of Title
    • Owner’s tax ID or proof of Social Security number
    • Sign financial responsibility forms
    • Verbal declaration of weight and seating capacity
    • If required to pay taxes, proof of HVUT payment
    • Completed Safety Inspection Report (form HP127B) provided by the Ohio State Highway Patrol upon inspection completion.
    • Ohio Certificate of Title or Memorandum of Title
    • Owner’s tax ID or proof of Social Security number
    • Sign financial responsibility forms
    • Verbal declaration of weight and seating capacity
    • Declaration of Knowledge (form PUC 3422)
    • If required to pay taxes, proof of HVUT payment
    • Safety Inspection Report (form BMV 4908) available at any local deputy registrar license agency
    • Ohio Certificate of Title or Memorandum of Title
    • Owner’s tax ID or proof of Social Security number
    • Sign financial responsibility forms
    • Verbal declaration of weight and seating capacity
    • Declaration of Knowledge (form PUC 3422)
    • If required to pay taxes, proof of HVUT payment
    • Safety Inspection Report (form HP127B) provided by the Ohio State Highway Patrol upon inspection completion

    Methods for Registration

    In person at your local deputy registrar license agency.

    Ohio Revised Code: 4501.01

    E-Check

    All vehicles up to 25 years old and owned by residents of the following counties must be tested every two years:

    • Cuyahoga
    • Geauga
    • Lake
    • Lorain
    • Medina
    • Portage
    • Summit

    See the Ohio EPA E-Check homepage for more information.

    Multi-Year Registrations

    Registrants who live in an E-Check county are eligible for a multi-year registration from two to five years.

    • E-Check is still required for qualifying vehicles.
    • Registrants with an E-Check extension must comply with the extension requirements.
    • E-Check county residents who do not comply with E-Check requirements are subject to registration suspension and plate confiscation.

    See our Multi-Year Registration page for more information.


    Ohio Revised Code: 3704.14, 4503.10(I)(1)

    Ohio Administrative Code: 3745-26-12

    Hybrid and Plug-In Electric

    After January 1, 2020:

    • Registration applications for a hybrid vehicle will be assessed an additional $100 fee per registration year.
    • Registration applications for an electric vehicle will be assessed an additional $200 fee per registration year.

    The fee is charged when a qualifying vehicle is registered for the first time, and for all subsequent registration renewals.

    Vehicles renewed for multiple years will be charged the fee for each year of the registration period.

    Effective October 22, 2020, fuel type fees will be prorated based on the number of months for which the vehicle is registered when a transaction is not for a full calendar year.

    Hybrid

    • A passenger car with a combustion engine and a battery cell energy system that cannot be recharged via an external source of electricity but can be recharged by other vehicle mechanisms that capture and store electric energy
    • Model year 2009 or newer
    • National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) identifies the vehicle’s fuel type based upon the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) and model year

    Plug-in Electric

    • A passenger car powered wholly or in part by a battery cell energy system that can be recharged via an external source of electricity.
    • Model year 2009 or newer
    • NHTSA identifies the vehicle’s fuel type based upon the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) and model year

    Fuel Type Calculation

    • The Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) utilizes a VIN Decoding Program provided by NHTSA to determine a vehicle’s fuel type.

    Self-Declare

    • If your vehicle’s fuel type cannot be decoded by NHTSA (fuel type is ‘unknown’) at the time of renewal, you will receive a Fuel Type Required for Vehicle Registration Renewal letter (BMV 4641) notifying you to renew at a local Deputy Registrar or at OPLATES.com and self-declare your fuel type.
    • If your vehicle’s fuel type cannot be decoded by NHTSA (fuel type is ‘unknown’) during a renewal transaction at a deputy registrar, you must complete an Unknown Vehicle Fuel Type Affidavit for Registration (form BMV 4740).

    Dispute

    • If you believe the fuel type determination is incorrect, you must pay the fee at the time of registration, and may then complete the Dispute of Vehicle Fuel Type for Registration (form BMV 4741) if you wish to dispute the fuel type determination.
    • The form and supporting documentation must be mailed to the address on the form. The BMV will review the supporting documents. If the BMV determines that NHTSA’s fuel type was incorrect, a refund will be issued to the registrant named on the vehicle registration. The BMV will notify the registrant by mail of the final decision.
    • If the fuel type fee is not paid, the registration will not be issued.

    Ohio Revised Code: 4503.10, 4501.01

    All-Purpose Vehicles (APV), Off-Road Motorcycles and Snowmobiles

    For registration, the following must be presented:

    • Ohio certificate of title or memorandum of title (APV and off-road motorcycle only)
    • Valid Ohio driver license, state ID or Social Security card
    • If APV is primarily for agriculture use, registration is not required.
      • If registered, APV is not valid to operate on public roads.
    • Registration is valid for three years and expires on December 31.
    • Out-of-state residents can use a valid registration from their state of residence. An Ohio temporary registration is available, valid for one year.

    For a temporary tag:

    • 45-day temporary tag (APV only)
    • 30-day temporary tag (off-road motorcycle only)
    • Ohio certificate of title or memorandum of title

    Methods for Registration

    In person at your deputy registrar license agency.

    Ohio Revised Code: 4503.37

    Mopeds

    A moped, or motorized bicycle, is any vehicle with two tandem wheels or one front and two rear wheels that is capable of being pedaled and equipped with a helper motor.

    The helper motor may not:
    • Have a piston displacement of more than 50 cubic centimeters
    • Produce more than one brake horsepower
    • Propel the vehicle at a speed greater than 20 mph on a level surface
    If a vehicle exceeds the above criteria, or any of the other specifications outlined in Ohio Administrative Code Chapter 4501-23, it is legally a motorcycle.

    Refer to the Digest of Ohio Motor Vehicle Laws for driver license requirements.

    Operators must obtain and display a rear license plate.

    Methods for Registration

    To register a moped or motorized bicycle, please visit a deputy registrar license agency with a completed Motorized Bicycle - Moped Registration Application (form BMV 4510).

    Ohio Revised Code: 4501.01 4511.521

    Ohio Administrative Code: 4501-23

    Motor Scooters

    In Ohio, a motor scooter may not be legally operated on public roadways unless it is:

    • Titled
    • Registered
    • Insured
    • Operated by a licensed rider at least 16 years old

    Methods for Registration

    Once a motor scooter is titled in Ohio, go to a deputy registrar license agency to register.

    See our How to Title a Motor Vehicle page for information on titling motor scooters.

    Ohio Revised Code: 4511.01

    Ohio Administrative Code: 5537-1-01

    Unconventional Vehicles

    Unconventional vehicles include:

    • Under-Speed Vehicles (USV)
    • Low-Speed Vehicles (LSV)
    • Utility Vehicles (UV)
    • Mini Trucks (MT)

    Most golf carts are a USV.

    The authorization to operate these vehicles on public roads is at the discretion of the local authority of the jurisdiction where the vehicle will be operated (see Ohio Revised Code 4511.215). Please contact local law enforcement in your city, township, village, or other jurisdiction for applicable laws.

    If you choose to operate your unconventional vehicle on authorized roads, you must first complete the following requirements:

     

    Methods for Registration

    In person at your deputy registrar license agency. The following must be presented:

    • Ohio certificate of title or memorandum of title
    • Completed vehicle inspection certificate (DPS 1373)
    • Valid Ohio driver license, state ID or Social Security card
    • Tax ID number if titled in a business name

    Ohio Revised Code: 4501.01 4503.10 4511.214 4511.215

    Contact Information

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